Російський письменник Акунін опублікував розділ з останньої книги про Ераста Фандоріна

Російський письменник Григорій Чхартишвілі (Борис Акунін) опублікував у Facebook розділ з книги «Не прощаюся» – останньої із серії про детектива Ераста Фандоріна.

«Новорічний подарунок «фандоринським» читачам. Останній роман серії «Пригоди Ераста Фандоріна» вийде тільки в лютому, але ось перший розділ книги. З неї ви дізнаєтеся, що сталося з героєм в чорному-чорному місті», – написав Акунін.

Письменник повідомляв, що закінчив роботу над романом «Не прощаюся» 8 жовтня 2017 року. Тоді він зазначав, що твір очікує редактура, коректура та інша технічна робота.

Перша книга про детектива Ераста Фандоріна вийшла у 1998 році.


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У Карпатах очікується небезпека сходження лавин – синоптики

В Укргідрометцентрі повідомили про небезпеку сходження снігових лавин в Карпатах у найближчі дні.

«2-3 січня у зв’язку зі снігопадами на високогір’ї Івано-Франківської та Закарпатської областей очікується значна снiголавинна небезпека (3 рiвень)», – йдеться в повідомленні.

Як повідомили раніше синоптики, погоду сьогодні в Україні визначати тепле повітря. У західних, Житомирській і Вінницькій областях пройде невеликий, в Карпатах та Закарпатті помірний дощ, в горах – з мокрим снігом. На решті території – без істотних опадів. Температура вдень 0-5 тепла.

У Києві у вівторок переважно без опадів, денна температура повітря 3-5 тепла.

 

 


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За перший день дії біометричного контролю провокацій на кордоні не було – МВС

У Міністерстві внутрішніх справ України повідомили, що у перший день дії системи фіксації біометричних даних іноземців у пунктах пропуску на кордоні провокацій не було. Як йдеться в повідомленні МВС на сторінці у Facebook із посиланням на речника Держприкордонслужби Олега Слободяна, за перші 24 години кордон перетнули 3 тисячі 300 іноземців, з них близько 1 тисячі 900 осіб – громадяни Росії.

Повідомляється, що даних про конфліктні ситуації не було.

1 вересня 2017 року президент України Петро Порошенко заявив, що з 1 січня 2018 року має запрацювати система фіксації біометричних даних на пунктах пропуску через державний кордон, що критикували у Міністерстві закордонних справ Росії. Від 27 грудня ця система була запущена в тестовому режимі.

Посилення режиму перетину кордону стосується держав «міграційного ризику» – усього 70 держав, зокрема і Росії.


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2017 Safest Year on Record for Commercial Passenger Air Travel

Airlines recorded zero accident deaths in commercial passenger jets last year, according to a Dutch consulting firm and an aviation safety group that tracks crashes, making 2017 the safest year on record for commercial air travel.

Dutch aviation consulting firm To70 and the Aviation Safety Network both reported Monday there were no commercial passenger jet fatalities in 2017. “2017 was the safest year for aviation ever,” said Adrian Young of To70.

To70 estimated that the fatal accident rate for large commercial passenger flights is 0.06 per million flights, or one fatal accident for every 16 million flights.

The Aviation Safety Network also reported there were no commercial passenger jet deaths in 2017, but 10 fatal airliner accidents resulting in 44 fatalities onboard and 35 persons on the ground, including cargo planes and commercial passenger turbo prop aircraft.

That figure includes 12 people killed on Dec. 31 when a Nature Air Cessna 208B Grand Caravan aircraft crashed minutes after takeoff into a mountainous area off the beach town of Punta Islita, Costa Rica.

In comparison, there were 16 accidents and 303 deaths in 2016 among airliners.

The deadliest incident last year occurred in January when a Turkish cargo jet smashed into a village in Kyrgyzstan as it tried to land at a nearby airport in dense fog, killing 35 on the ground and all four onboard.

The Aviation Safety Network said 2017 was “the safest year ever, both by the number of fatal accidents as well as in terms of fatalities.”

Over the last two decades aviation deaths around the world have been steadily falling. As recently as 2005, there were 1,015 deaths aboard commercial passenger flights worldwide, the Aviation Safety Network said.

The United States last recorded a fatal airline passenger jet crash in February 2009, when Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashed short of the runway in Clarence Center, New York, killing 49 onboard and one person on the ground.

In 2016, 412 people were killed in the United States in aviation accidents — nearly all in general aviation accidents and none on commercial passenger airlines.

The last fatal passenger jet airliner accident worldwide took place in November 2016 near Medellin, Colombia and the last commercial passenger aircraft crash to kill more than 100 people occurred in October 2015 in Egypt.


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Drinking Hot Tea Linked to Lowered Glaucoma Risk

People who drink hot tea daily may be less likely than others to develop glaucoma symptoms, U.S. researchers say.

Compared to coffee, soft drink and iced tea drinkers, study participants who consumed a cup or more of hot caffeinated tea daily had 74 percent lower odds of having glaucoma, the study authors report in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

“Glaucoma can lead to blindness, and it would be great if it could be prevented because there is no cure,” said lead author Dr. Anne Coleman of the University of California, Los Angeles.

“The best way to prevent it is to get your eyes checked,” Coleman told Reuters Health in a telephone interview. “But we are also interested in lifestyle habits and what we can do to make a difference.”

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide, according to the World Health Organization, affecting an estimated 58 million people. That includes more than three million Americans, only half of whom are aware they have the disease, according to the Glaucoma Research Foundation.

Coffee, or caffeine in general have previously been linked to increased glaucoma risk, although recent studies don’t agree, Coleman and her colleagues write.

To evaluate the relationship between specific caffeinated drinks and glaucoma, Coleman and colleagues analyzed data on a sample of more than 10,000 people in the U.S. who were representative of the entire population.

Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2005-2006 answered questions about their diets and lifestyles, had medical exams and blood tests and also underwent eye examinations.

About 1,700 participants were over age 40, had no other known eye diseases and had full eye examination results from the survey. In this group, Coleman’s team found that just over 5 percent, 82 people, had glaucoma.

Almost half of participants reported drinking coffee often, but less than 10 percent drank hot tea daily. The research team found no associations between coffee, iced tea, decaffeinated tea or soft drink consumption and the likelihood of having glaucoma.

“Tea drinkers should keep drinking and don’t need to stop because of a fear of glaucoma,” Coleman said. “This makes sense, but we’ll see if it holds up in future studies.”

Future studies should look at the habits, activities and nutrition that affect lifestyle and glaucoma risks, said Idan Hecht of Tel-Aviv University in Israel, who wasn’t involved in the research.

“In the past few years, there has been a tremendous increase in interest, and subsequently research, into the ways lifestyle changes can influence diseases,” Hecht told Reuters Health by email.

Recent research indicates that vitamins C, E and zinc can help vision. Other studies indicate that antioxidants in tea could have similar effects, he noted.

“Patients can and should be involved and take an active role in the management of their ailments,” Hecht said. “Exercising, eating healthy and trying novel ways to improve your health is something you should definitely explore and bring up with your physician.”

Environmental factors could play a role in glaucoma risk as well, said Dr. Ahmad Aref at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

“As our population grows older, we need to think about the other factors that could help, particularly when it comes to the health benefits of physical activity,” he told Reuters Health by phone.

Overall, both medical and non-medical approaches are key to treating the disease in the future, Aref added.

“It’s a tough disease because we don’t have a way to bring vision back once it’s lost,” he said. “All we can do is prevent it from getting worse, and we want to help patients do that.”


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Israeli Archaeologists Say Found 2,700-Year-old ‘Governor of Jerusalem’ Seal Impression

Israeli archaeologists unveiled on Monday a 2,700-year-old clay seal impression which they said belonged to a biblical governor of Jerusalem.

The artifact, inscribed in an ancient Hebrew script as “belonging to the governor of the city”, was likely attached to a shipment or sent as a souvenir on behalf of the governor, the most prominent local position held in Jerusalem at the time, the Israel Antiquities Authority said.

The impression, the size of a small coin, depicts two standing men, facing each other in a mirror-like manner and wearing striped garments reaching down to their knees. It was unearthed near the plaza of Judaism’s Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.

“It supports the Biblical rendering of the existence of a governor of the city in Jerusalem 2,700 years ago,” an Antiquities Authority statement quoted excavator Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah as saying.

Governors of Jerusalem, appointed by the king, are mentioned twice in the Bible, in 2 Kings, which refers to Joshua holding the position, and in 2 Chronicles, which mentions Masseiah in the post during the reign of Josiah.

The Antiquities Authority’s announcement came several weeks after U.S. President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, a decision that overturned a decades-old policy on the status of the city and stirred Palestinian protests and international concern.


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В Україні з 1 січня дешевшають електромобілі

Від 1 січня 2018 року в Україні набувають чинності зміни до «Податкового кодексу», відповідно до яких українці не сплачуватимуть податок на додану вартість і акциз на імпорт електромобілів. Таким чином вартість цього автомобіля в Україні зменшиться на 17%.

Відповідні зміни депутати внесли до «Податкового кодексу» минулого місяця.

Пільговий режим діятиме лише протягом року. 

За даними асоціації «Укравтопром», наведеними у листопаді, за десять місяців 2017 року в Україні продали 2225 електромобілів, попит на такі авто зріс на 227 відсотків.

Як повідомляла прес-служба асоціації, найчастіше електромобілі купували жителі Києва – з січня по жовтень 528 електромобілів отримали київські номери, на другому місці за кількістю зареєстрованих електромобілів Харківська область – 406 електромобілів, на третьому місці – Одеська область (405).

За даними «Укравтопрому», найпопулярнішим автомобілем в українців залишається Nissan Leaf – в Україні купили 1855 авто, наступною за популярністю моделлю стала BMW i3 – 79 авто, на третьому місці Tesla Model S – 56, Ford Focus – 54 авто і Fiat 500 – 30 авто.

Глобальна кліматична угода, схвалена в Парижі наприкінці 2015 року, ставить завдання, згідно з якими у 2050 році країни світу мають практично повністю відмовитися від викопного палива в енергетиці, промисловості і транспорті та перейти на 100% відновлювальну енергетику.

 


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Очільниця МОЗ дала поради для тих, «хто вчора випив зайвого»

Виконувачка обов’язків міністра охорони здоров’я України Уляна Супрун у Facebook дає поради, як позбутися похмілля. Публікація на сторінці Супрун оприлюднена 1 січня.

«Похмілля виникає, оскільки основним компонентом алкогольних напоїв є етанол – це токсична речовина, що впливає на організм як діуретик (сечогінний засіб), і тому може швидко спричинити зневоднення. Саме зневоднення є основною причиною звичайних проявів похмілля: головного болю, нудоти, відчуття сухості в роті тощо», – пише в.о.міністра.

За її словами, у першу чергу, для пом’якшення симптомів похмілля необхідно відновити нормальний рівень води в організмі, найкраще це зробити, випивши значну кількість води у той же день перед сном.

«Солодощі допоможуть заспокоїтися і запобігти тремтінню. Однак варто пам’ятати, що у деяких випадках, спочатку краще прийняти антациди (препарати, що нейтралізують кислотність шлункового соку) для попередження проблем з травленням. Бульйон або рідкий суп з овочами чи крупою є чудовими джерелами вітамінів і мінералів, тому ці страви допоможуть швидше відновити баланс корисних і поживних речовин в організмі. Крім того, супи і бульйони легко перетравлюються у шлунку», – додала вона.

Супрун наголосила, що не варто пити алкоголь для пом’якшення симптомів похмілля – це не допоможе. «Прийом дози алкоголю вранці може просто відкласти прояв симптомів похмілля. Краще взагалі не вживати алкоголь протягом двох наступних діб, якщо ви випили зайвого напередодні, не зважаючи на те, були прояви похмілля чи ні, адже організму потрібен час, щоб відновитися», – написала в.о.міністра.

За даними Всесвітньої організації охорони здоров’я, зі зловживанням алкоголем пов’язані 3,3 мільйона смертей у світі щороку.


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California Begins Recreational Marijuana Sales

More than two decades after California became the first U.S. state to legalize medical marijuana use, on January first it becomes the final West Coast state to legalize pot for recreational purposes — a move approved by California voters in November 2016, in a referendum known as Prop 64.

While this is good news for cannabis enthusiasts, those with visions of unencumbered marijuana use in the California sunshine will find that reality is not quite so cut-and-dried — meaning, simple — referring to the processing of tobacco leaves.

Most importantly, while seven U.S. states and the District of Columbia have legalized recreational marijuana use, the U.S. federal government still considers it a controlled substance, classified with heroin and LSD as illegal drugs. Elsewhere, 29 states have legalized medical marijuana, and Maine and Massachusetts are set to legalize recreational pot in 2018.

Federal versus state law

Former White House spokesman Sean Spicer told reporters in February 2017 that the Department of Justice may be looking into legal marijuana use in the future.

“When you see something like the opioid addiction crisis blossoming around so many states… the last thing we should be doing is encouraging people,” Spicer said.

U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, an opponent of legalized pot, said in November that he is taking a close look at federal enforcement of anti-drug laws that include marijuana. “Good people don’t smoke marijuana,” he said at a Senate hearing in 2016.

Federal and state laws come more into play in California, which has several U.S. Border Patrol checkpoints, at which federal agents, mainly searching for illegal immigrants, are also empowered to seize pot stashes and prosecute the owners.

The Associated Press quotes Ronald Vitiello, acting deputy commissioner of the federal Customs and Border Protection agency, as calling drug seizures at border checkpoints an “ancillary effect”of enforcing immigration laws.

In addition to 34 permanent checkpoints along the U.S. border with Mexico, Border Patrol operates more than 100 “tactical” stops that may appear or disappear as needed, as far as 161 kilometers inside the U.S. border.

AP reports that people found with pot at those checkpoints are typically photographed and fingerprinted, and their stashes seized. The report says those people often aren’t charged with a crime, however, because pot possession in small amounts is considered a low-priority offense.

The checkpoints are legal. Border Patrol agents say they help catch illegal immigrants who have made it past the U.S. border and might disappear into a large city; and the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that agents can question people at checkpoints even if they have no reason to believe anyone inside the car is in the country illegally.

Bureau of Cannabis Control

Meanwhile, California has created its own Bureau of Cannabis Control to regulate the growing and sale of cannabis.

Bureau spokesman Alex Traverso told the Los Angeles Times that about eight enforcement officers will be in place by January 1.

The bureau has issued fewer than 200 temporary business licenses so far, although cities such as Los Angeles and San Francisco are expected later to issue their own local licenses, which will be required to get a state permit. Only a few dozen retail outlets are expected to be up and running by January 1.

Many localities inside California have not yet approved recreational pot use — and some may choose not to do so at all. Cannabis Control did not start issuing licenses to sell recreational cannabis until mid-December, so many applications are still in the works.

San Diego, San Jose, Oakland, Berkeley and Eureka are among the towns where pot stores can open on January 1.

Still proponents of legalized pot say bringing the drug out into the open makes it possible to tax sales of cannabis — which lawmakers hope will result in $1 billion a year in new tax revenue for the state. The money will come from a 15 percent state excise tax on every cannabis purchase. Local governments can place additional taxes on top of that — or they can ban pot shops entirely, if they choose.

Daniel Yi, a spokesman for the L.A.-area dispensary Med Men, says he expects an eighth of an ounce of pot to go for about $35 when two Med Men shops begin selling to recreational users on January 2. He told Reuters news agency that three other locations will probably not begin selling to recreational users for a few more weeks.

Keeping out of trouble

Further moves to keep control on the industry include guidelines for retailers, and age and use limits for consumers.

Pot sales will be restricted to people who are age 21 or older, but anyone visiting the state who is of age may buy and consume marijuana at legal outlets. Prop 64 specifically prohibits marketing of pot products to minors.

Pot shops cannot be within 180 meters (600 feet) of a school and they must maintain 24-hour surveillance. They also cannot open before 6 a.m. and must close by 10 p.m.

California anti-smoking laws make it illegal to smoke pot in places where regular tobacco smoking is banned. Employers may still subject employees to drug tests to ensure a drug-free workplace.

Drivers are being warned not to drive after using pot. While it is harder to measure a person’s intoxication level after smoking pot than it is after alcohol consumption, Hound Labs of Oakland is developing what it says is a “marijuana breathalyzer” for cops and employers to gauge whether a person has been using while driving or on the job.

L.A. County Sheriff Jim McDonnell says he worries about people getting behind the wheel while high.

“The public’s perception is that weed is innocuous, that this is something they did 40 years ago and it is no big deal,” he told the Los Angeles Times. “Well, today’s marijuana is not yesterday’s marijuana. The active ingredient, THC, is so much higher today than back 40 years ago.”

As for food products containing THC, Californians will be able to consume them in any public place where food is normally consumed. The publishers of Mother Jones magazine say at least one of their readers wrote in to ask if there will be cannabis ice cream — and the answer, they say, is yes. Medical marijuana users have been consuming it for years. But there’s a catch: the amount of THC allowable in such items is limited to 10 milligrams per serving.

One other effect of the new pot law is that it will reduce penalties on people who have been convicted for pot crimes in the past. In addition to making pot more available, the law that legalized it, known as Prop 64, also makes pot crimes once viewed as felonies into lower-level misdemeanors. That means some people currently in California jails for selling or possessing pot could see their sentences reduced.


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China’s 2017 Movie Ticket Sales Rise 13.5 Percent

China’s total domestic movie ticket sales rose 13.5 percent in 2017 to 55.9 billion yuan ($8.6 billion), a state news agency said Monday.

The top-grossing title was the mainland-made action picture “Wolf Warrior 2,” which took in 5.7 billion yuan ($875 million), the Xinhua News Agency said, citing data from the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television.

China is the second-largest global film market and is narrowing the gap with the United States, where last year’s domestic box office is estimated to have declined 2.6 percent from 2016 to $11.1 billion.

Mainland-made movies accounted for 54 percent of 2017 ticket sales, or 30.1 billion yuan ($4.6 billion), according to Xinhua.

The No. 2-grossing title was the Hollywood action movie “The Fate of the Furious,” which earned 2.7 billion yuan.


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